What is birding?

Did you know there are a reported 458 different bird species in our state? We think that's awesome! If you love watching birds, you can consider yourself a birder. The definition of this term is broad, diverse, and inclusive! Maybe you enjoy watching urban birds from your office window, or follow the habits of backyard birds from the comfort of your kitchen table. Or maybe you're a voracious "lister" who will jump in a car at a moments notice to see a rare migrant. No matter your style, the world of birding has something for you.


Birding is defined as the observation of birds in their natural habitat as a hobby, and "birder" is the name for individuals who enjoy this hobby in all of its many forms. There's no right or wrong way to bird (yep, it's a verb, too!), though there is a birder's code of ethics to birding. One of our goals at Red Cliffs Audubon is to encourage birders of all types, ages, and skill levels in their pursuit of this fantastic hobby. 

But birding is more than just a hobby: according to the US Fish & Wildlife Service, it's a huge part of who we are culturally, and birding contributes significantly to our economy as well. Did you know...

  • 46.7 million Americans enjoy watching and feeding birds.

  • $107 billion is spent on birdwatching equipment and travel in the U.S.

  • 666,000 jobs are created due to birdwatching.

  • $13 billion in local, state, and federal tax revenue results from birdwatching.

  • 17.8 million Americans travel to see birds, putting millions into local economies.

You can use our website to review suggested birding sites, learn about our next field trip or meeting, select gear (see below), and tips. No matter what your style, remember that birding is for everyone!


One of the beautiful things about birding is the fact that you don't need anything to pursue it as a hobby! Just your eyes and ears. That said, many find that their birding experience is enhanced by optics (binoculars or spotting scopes to bring distant birds into clearer focus) and a few minor outdoor essentials. Below are some helpful resources that can help you choose great gear that's perfect for your personal birding style.


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It's fun to observe birds, but knowing exactly what you're looking at is often the beginning birder's biggest challenge. Since everyone learns differently, we can't recommend just one approach to bolstering your bird ID IQ. Plus, bird ID is complex - from colors to body shape to habitat type, there are many clues that can help lead you to a solid bird identification (check out Audubon.org's article, Tips for Identifying Birds

To get you started, we can suggest our favorite field guides and apps. Just head over to our BIRDING RESOURCES page to see our top picks!


Get excited about the world of birding

When we can't actually go birding, the next best thing is to immerse ourselves in a great bird-related article, book, show, or movie. Staff picks at Madison Audubon include the following: